Bacteria lives in our mouths and if not removed daily through proper brushing and flossing, can cause decay, gum disease and bone disease. Bacteria can also cause bad breath. Healthy gums are firm and pink in appearance, and do not bleed when brushing or flossing. The bone and ligaments around the roots of the teeth are strong, and the teeth are free from decay. Proper oral hygiene and regular dental visits can keep your mouth healthy, and give you a beautiful smile.
Plaque is a sticky substance that accumulates on the teeth, and contains bacteria which can not only cause dental decay, but is harmful to the gums and bone around the teeth. In Mild Periodontal Disease, the plaque settles around the roots of the teeth causing the gums to bleed easily, and become inflamed and red in appearance. The gums pull away from the teeth, creating. The bacteria in the plaque starts to destroy the supporting bone around the roots of the teeth. This bone loss cannot be reversed. if untreated, mild periodontal disease can lead to more advanced stages with significant bone loss.